Oct. 31, 2019
Resolution of «Green Framework» Expert Session

Alexander Strugach
Architect, consultant on infrastructure projects, General Director of SAB LLC


Ingmar Vitvitsky
Founder of Ingmar Architects Bureau, "Ingmar Architectural and Construction Bureau" LLC

Ilya Filimonov
Chief Project Architect, "INTERCOLOMNIUM" LLC

Nikolay Oskolkov
Landscape architect, "Geometria of design"

Olga Kazakina
Landscape architect, Alexander Garden

Irina Lysokobylko
Landscape architect, "Derevopark" LLC

Fedor Konkov
Specialist in urban planning, General Director, ITP "Urbanika" LLC

Nadezhda Kerimova
Associate Professor of the Chair of Architectural Environment Design of State Educational Institution of Higher Education, Saint Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, specialist in urban gardening

Yevgenia Petrashen
Architect, head of the educational program "Design of the Environment", Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Saint Petersburg State University

Viktor Tropchenko
Botanist, landscape designer

Victor Korotych
Architect, city planner, MLA+ (Saint Petersburg)

Utkina Anna
Architect, accomplishment specialist

Alexander Karpov
Head, public organization "Center for Expertise ECOM"

Steve Caddins
Coordinator, expert, "Beautiful Petersburg", Institute of Design and Urban Planning of the Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "National Research University ITMO"

Maria Tinika
Founder of "Trees of Petersburg" project

Gilyana Badmayeva
Landscape architect, architectural bureau O-KRUG

Daniel Barashkov
Student, "A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University"

Vladislav Gorsky
Assistant to deputy N. Tikhonova

Yana Golubeva
General-Director of MLA+ (Saint Petersburg)

Olga Gritsay
Dacha in the City, coordinator

Ksenia Kazakova
Student of "A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University"

Anna Kathanova
Head of the sector of the competition and exhibition activities
of the Committee for Urban Planning and Architecture of the Government of Saint Petersburg

Anna Kirpicheva
Student of "A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University"

Ksenia Kovshova
Assistant to landscape architect in "Geometry of Design"

Darya Levina
Student of "A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University"

Arina Lourie
Landscape Architect, O-KRUG

Galina Mazunova
Student of "A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University"

Sofia Moskvitina
Student of "A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University"

Artem Pavlovsky
Head of the Department of the State Enterprise "Research and Design Center of the General Plan of Saint Petersburg"

Olga Potrebchuk
Architect, Institute ofTerritorial Planning

Andrey Trifonov
Chief Architect, SAB LLC

Maria Proskurina
Student of "A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University"

Darya Snesareva
Landscape architect, Geometry of Design

Irina Yurescu
Landscape architect, teacher, "A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University"

Anna Kirillova
Acting Head of the Department for Protection of Cultural Heritage Objects, Committee for Nature Management, Environment Protection and Assurance of Environmental Safety of the Government of Saint Petersburg

Pavel Abramov
Student of "A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University"

Irina Kirillova
Student of "A.S. Pushkin Leningrad State University"

A.E. Kalabina
Assistant to deputy N. Tikhonova

P.V. Koroleva
Research engineer, Institute of Design and Urban Planning of the Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "National Research University ITMO"

D. S. Yeroshenkova
Student, Institute of Earth Sciences

P.L. Shipina
Specialist, State Enterprise "Research and Design Center of the General Plan of Saint Petersburg"

F. R. Veselov
Sociologist-anthropologist, European University in Saint Petersburg


1. "Green framework" is a concept that provides for the integration of the new park into the system of urban green infrastructure (consisting of a variety of public spaces and natural landscapes), as well as — constructive basis of the eco-sustainable modern park facility, made by taking into account the world’s leading standards of green design. In drafting the Competition Brief, it is necessary to decide clearly which current modern standards need to be taken into account by the developers in the course of preparation of the competition proposal.

2. In development of the new park on Dobrolyubov Avenue as one of the central nodes of the urban "Green framework" of St. Petersburg its organic inclusion in the existing system
of green spaces (the Petrograd side and the city in general) should be taken into account.

3. It is recommended to specify the minimum battery limits of the project in the Competition Brief, taking into account the possibility of their reasonable expansion.

4. Functional "Green Framework" of the new park can basically be built on the model of natural territory" (the emphasis on recreation and maintenance of the living environment — "urban forest" (with trees, shrubs, tier plantations, etc.); or "botanical garden" (the emphasis on artificially created and maintained landscape — in the format of modern man-made gardens and open-air museums); the third option is the concept of "contemplation rather than culture and leisure", that is, a labyrinth of trees, swamp vegetation and reservoirs, "tree libraries", a nursery for the city. For every option, it is strongly recommended to adhere to the principle of covering of at least 50% of the park territory with tree canopy.

5. The unique urban panoramas and visual perspectives revealed after the dismantling of the GIPH complex are a doubtless merit that should be preserved in one way or another in creation of a new park.

6. In layout of the park according to the scenario of maximum recreation of the natural landscape ("urban forest" — with priority of tier plantings: trees, shrubs, etc.) within the competition concept it is strongly recommended to reflect the stages of gradual sustainable development of the park: in the range from the initial stage to the mature design state of the park (with study and visualization of the intermediate stages of the landscape development).

7. It is strongly recommended to consider the water front solution options (a part
of the park territory facing directly a large river area) with organization of access of
the visitors to the water — without implementation of the customary stone walls of embankments, as well as development of the water infrastructure within the boundaries of the site. To provide for the use of "green infrastructure" systems throughout the park.


1. In development of the "Green Frame" of the Park, it is necessary to take into account all updated versions of the principles and regulatory documents and international standards in the area of greenery construction (including reuse, water and landscape infrastructure management, work with soil and natural communities, etc.);

2. It is strongly recommended to provide for an in-depth research in the eld of sustainable tree species, climate, soil condition, etc.;

3. The project battery limits can thus be assessed within the outline from the Alexander Park to the Peter Park, with inclusion of small adjacent green spaces on the Petrograd Side.

4. In detailing of the solutions on organization of green plantings of the park, it is necessary to take into account the modern principles of the organization of tier (multi-tiered) plantings- with trees, shrubs, undergrowth, etc.;

5. In formation of the "Green Framework" of the park, it is necessary to take into account the principles of water-green framework and sustainable development of the water ecosystem, both adjacent to the territory and developed on the territory;

6. It is strongly recommended to adhere to the "17 SDGs" principles (United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and local state and territorial sustainable development goals) and to use the European practices in relation to 15 "SDG".


1. In development of the logistic stream model of the park, one should clearly distinguish the areas with full access of the visitors and areas with restricted and prohibited access, which will be intended exclusively for organization of the life and sustainable development of natural communities (plants, insects, animals). It is necessary to take into account the experience of operation of the facility located in the zone of active tourist flows (on the example of "Zaryadye" park in Moscow). The new park should become a model object in terms of accessibility management;

2. It is desirable to use modern green eco-sustainable technologies, allowing to turn the future park into an element of the engineering infrastructure of the city, operating on the basis of modern eco-technologies (examples of: sustainable eco-parks of Norway, Sweden, China);

3. In inclusion of architectural facility (B. Eifman dance theater, etc.) in the infrastructure and the park’s "Green Framework", it is necessary to work out their architectural and landscape integration within creation of a single "Green Framework", connecting the interiors, facades and external spaces of buildings and structures with landscape of the park in general Use of the so-called "Hortitecture" in the theater design, namely — facade of the trees or hinged green facade, green roof, and similar technologies and analogues can be one of the recommended options;

4. It is recommended to rely on application of local plant materials (primarily trees, shrubs, undergrowth and other local plants), resistant to periodic negative impacts (climatic cycles, infections, technogenic and anthropogenic impacts, etc.).


1. The framework is, on the one part, a bearing structure and a network (expansion, openness), on the other part, a frame, a format (consolidation, restriction). The framework is the conceptual and functional basis of sustainable development of the "green" object. Such concept can also be reflected in creation of a park on Dobrolyubov Avenue.

2. The participants of the round table agreed in general that for the design and implementation of a new park it should be recommended to take into account the general urban planning context of the city and to embody, by some or other means, the integration of the new park into the general "Green Framework" of St. Petersburg. The park, in this case, can serve as a center of development, a point of growth and a model for future projects.

3. "Green framework" (or "Green corset", according to architect Ingmar Vitvitsky) is what binds the park, works from inside to outside, especially if the park needs to accommodate additional architectural facilities. There cannot be too much nature, so "Green Framework" — "corset", can perform the role of, inter alia, a social binding factor. (Examples: Central Park in New York — an "island" cleared from buildings, as well as the territory of the library in Paris (designed by Dominique Perrot).

4. Meeting the highest standards of the Water management green infrastructure principles and so on, the park is one of the most important stages in creation of a new green zone, according to architect Ilya Filimonov. The maximal inclusion of the wildlife elements, which is lacking in the city center, as well as the development of the contextual approach and natural peculiarities of the region — these tasks can be included in the priorities for the creation of the "Green Framework" of the new park.

5. In the opinion of landscape architect Nikolay Oskolkov, it is important to focus not only on the conceptual basis of the future park, but also on the quality of implementation of its nodes. Definition and implementation of a certain quality standard is one of the key points in the process of creation of a new green zone. This position was supported by the majority of the participants of the round table.

6. First and foremost, a park is its greenery. To maintain sustainable development, it is necessary to apply and comply with the bulk of modern technologies (rainwater harvesting, soil non-compaction technology (to extend the life of plantations up to 100… 500 years), consistent work with soils and tiered plantings, artificial structures and so on. Priority forms of planting are trees and shrubberie. By their means, one can form a structure of the territory and guide man in this space. Landscape architects and teachers Olga Kazakina, Irina Lysokobylko, Nadezhda Kerimova and Yevgenia Petrashen told about the peculiarities of modern technologies and application of the experience of the CIS countries. At the same time, according to Victor Tropchenko, the modern solutions from the range of the world practices should be applied bearing in mind the shortcomings and errors of a number of major projects of recent years, so that the facilities could become an example for laying out the future St. Petersburg parks and gardens. In the opinion of the round table participants, the green infrastructure of the park (trees, shrubberies, possibly these facilities, etc.) — can also work as "living engineering equipment of the city", ensuring the principles of sustainable development.

7. Implementation of the part of the area facing the water (water front) in an open format — without the customary granite wall of the embankment is one of the serious tasks that could be solved in the course of implementation of the new park project. Fedor Konkov and Viktor Tropchenko told about the possibility of consideration of such scenario in details and with arguments.

8. The project of the new park on Dobrolyubov Avenue can help bring the theme of green architecture back to the St. Petersburg city planning practice. In the opinion of architect and planner Viktor Korotych, it is necessary to work with all kinds of modern urban planning documents and to integrate the new park into the system of a single document approving the development format of Saint Petersburg as a "Green City".

9. Not only open spaces ("the main urban lawn"), but also buffer plantings (trees and shrubs), as well as a developed system of tiered landscaping could appear in the "Green Framework" of the park. This was expressed by landscape architects Nadezha Kerimova, Anna Utkina, Yevgenia Petrashen and Viktor Tropchenko. Also, when planning the "green framework" of the park, it is of paramount importance to consider the space division between the visitors and the recreated communities of plants, animals and insects. The latter, in the opinion of Viktor Tropchenko, could ensure biodiversity and sustainability of new green areas. With such scenario being implemented, the new park can become a corner of wildlife in the city center — a new "urban forest".

10. The green infrastructure of the park, according to the ecologist Alexander Karpov,
can be based on two options of the site use: a natural park or a botanical garden. It is recommended to analyze each of the options, taking into account the accurate calculations and required substantiations. It is recommended to calculate the maximum area of landscaping, maximum loads and other delimiting parameters of the future park.

11. The old urban planning idea is to try to connect the new park with the existing remaining green areas in the neighborhood, to lead people through a single system from the Alexander Park through the embankments to the new park — through the ecosystem of the Petrovsky island — further to the Seaside Park — it is a fully feasible scenario, in the opinion of the founder of "Beautiful Saint-Petersburg" movement Steve Caddins.

12. According to the founder of the "Trees of St. Petersburg" movement, Maria Tinika,
the new park can effectively apply the experience of "vegetecture" — architecture built on modern green design technologies — architecture of plants (primarily trees). Application of the most diversified developments and examples from the global experience will help make a new landscape facility in the center of St. Petersburg an organic element of the green framework and to turn it into a living center of growth. Maria also emphasizes the importance of disclosing the water infrastructure within the boundaries of the territory (ponds, canals, streams, drains, etc.). In her opinion, the priority role of the trees — as a basis of the green plant framework of the park — should be recorded in the main provisions of the competition and in the competition brief.